MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE (MoA)
The Ministry of Agriculture coordinates the implementation of agricultural, cooperative and rural development policies. The specific functions which will be pursued by the Ministry include: rural development policy; agricultural policy; crop production and marketing; land use policy; pests and disease control; agricultural research; phytosanitary services; information management for agricultural sector; cooperatives; regional development authorities; among others.
KENYA AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (KARI)
A parastatal established under the Science and Technology Act (Cap 250) with the national mandate to carry out research activities covering agricultural and livestock development through its 17 research centers countrywide. KARI seeds units need to stock enough seeds and carry out more adaptive research on new maize varieties.
KENYA PLANT HEALTH INSPECTORATE SERVICE (KEPHIS)
KEPHIS was established by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service Order, 1996 under the State Corporations Act (Cap 446). It is mandated to : co-ordinate all matters related to pests and disease control; monitor the quality and levels of toxic residue in plants, their soils and products; administer Plant Breeders Rights; undertake inspection, testing, certification, quarantine control, variety testing and description of seeds and planting materials; establish the machinery for educating public on safe use of agro-chemicals; approve import application for seeds, plants and appropriate phytosanitary requirements and importation of such material; and be responsible for inspection of produce for export and import.
PEST CONTROL PRODUCTS BOARD (PCPB)
A Parastatal established under the Pest Control Products Act (Cap 346). Its functions are to regulate the importation, exportation, manufacture, distribution and use of products used for the control of pests and of the organic functions of plants and animals and for connected purposes. Some of these activities are being performed by KEPHIS. This calls for harmonization of these activities in order to avoid any conflicts.
NATIONAL CEREALS AND PRODUCE BOARD
The NCPB Act, Cap.338, that made NCPB a corporate body, was enacted in 1985. Under the Act, the Board was given monopoly powers to purchase, store, market and generally manage cereal grains and other produce in Kenya. As a legal monopoly, NCPB was empowered to regulate and control the collection, movement, storage, sale, purchase, transportation, marketing, processing, distribution, importation, exportation, and supply of maize, wheat and other scheduled agricultural produce under a controlled price system. During this period of monopoly the NCPB worked very closely with other established agricultural institutions to ensure that the needs of the farmers were met. These institutions included the Agricultural Finance Corporation (AFC), which was the main provider of credit and the Kenya Farmers Association (KFA) which was the main provider of farm inputs.
KENYA BUREAU OF STANDARDS (KEBS)
It is a parastatal established under the Standards Act ( Cap 496). Its primary function is to promote standardization in commerce and industry through development of standards, quality control, certification and metrology. It has the mandate of establishing and enforcing quality standards of all products on the Kenyan Market, both locally produced and imported. It is evident that the roles of KEPHIS and that of KEBS overlap thereby creating a conflict. Given that KEPHIS specializes in plants, the Standards Act should be amended to exclude seeds, planting materials, horticultural and other agricultural produce.
KENYA INDUSTRY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE (KIRDI)
It is a parastatal established under the Science and Technology Act (Cap 250). It is mandated to undertake research and development in industrial and allied technologies.
KIRDI collaborates with Ministry of Agricultural and Rural Development and other stakeholders in technology development and transfer processing of maize produce.
UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES OF AGRICULTURE
Among the universities and colleges, Nairobi, Jomo Kenyatta, Moi, Egerton, Baraton and Bukura provide courses at degree and diploma levels related to agriculture, environment and are also involved in research.
MINISTRY OF HEALTH (MOH)
Liaises with stakeholders in agriculture industry to ensure hygiene in market and public places. It also protects Kenyan consumers from the health risks of contaminated food. The Ministry ensures regular inspection of food premises to ensure they conform to health requirements. Also, inspection of food imports at ports of entry is made in order to detect foreign diseases. It participates in promotion of food hygiene curricula in schools. The ministry should give advice on appropriate eating habits.
MINISTRY ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES
The Ministry is responsible for environmental policy, environmental impact assessment, catchment area conservation, water conservation, among others.
MINISTRY OF WATER AND IRRIGATION
The Ministry also supplies clean water for industry and domestic use. Liaise with Ministry of Agriculture and others to initiate programmes to encourage multipurpose use and reuse of water for irrigation purposes.
MINISTRY OF ROADS AND PUBLIC WORKS (MoR&PW)
The Ministry is responsible for construction, maintenance and rehabilitation of classified roads. The road network accounts for 80% of the country’s total passenger and freight traffic.
MINISTRY OF INFORMATION, TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION (MoIT&C)
The Ministry is responsible for postal and telecommunication services as well as transport by railways, road, sea, lake and air in Kenya. It is also in charge of harbors, ports, and metrological services, among others.
LOCAL AUTHORITIES (CITY, MUNICIPAL, TOWN, URBAN AND COUNTY COUNCILS)
They develop market and market infrastructure for agricultural produce among others. They are also responsible for collection and disposal of garbage, provision of sanitary facilities and land allocation for marketing facilities.