Tumbukiza Method

tumbukizaThis is a farmer found method appropriate for marginal areas with moisture stress.  It can however be used in areas that receive high amounts of rainfall.Advantages of using

Tumbukiza Method

  • High yielding than other conventional methods
  • Low weeding frequency
  • High moister retention
  • Easier to irrigate
  • Support higher stocking rate
  • Ideal for dry areas.
  • Good for water conservation


  • High initial labour requirements

How it is done

  • Dig a hole 2 ft by 2ft by 2 ft (60 cm by 60 cm by 60 cm)
  • Half fill the hole with 10 spades of top soils mixed with 10 spades of farmyard manure.
  • Plant 4 cuttings/canes or a bunch of root splits in each hole.
  • Spacing from one hole to another is 2 feet (60 cm)hole

Material requirements

The numbers of cuttings required per acre are 11,236 which can be obtained from 102 m2 of established mature Napier.

2809 bunches of five splits each are required when using root splits. This can be obtained from an area of 514 m2 of established Napier.

Weed Control

Weeding should be done as early as possible after planting.

Weed a few times after planting before the weeds flower.

Fertilizer Use


  • Use of both Farm yard manure and inorganic fertilizer is recommended.
  • 2 bags of NPK (20:20:0 of 20:10:10) per acre or 1 table spoon full per hole. 

Regular Application

  • Use NPK (20:10:10) at the onset of short rains at the following rates: two bags per acre (one table spoon full of NPK per two stools)
  • In the middle of the long rains use 2 bags of NPK (20:10:10) and one bag of CAN after every cutting and weeding (One table spoon full per four stools).