Mangoes do best at an average annual temperature between 15 ˚C and 30˚C, with an optimum temperature range of between 24-30 ˚C. Growth slows down and fruit quality decreases with decreasing temperatures.
Annual rainfall of 850 to 1,000 mm is sufficient for successful cultivation. A distinct dry or cold season stimulates flowering. Rain during flowering seriously reduces fruit set. After a mango tree is well established, it is drought tolerant, especially when the taproots have reached the water table.
Mango trees are well adapted to many types of soils, but prefer deep (at least 3 m) soils that are fertile, loamy textured, and well drained for good growth. The water table should not be above 2.5 and 3 m. The optimum soil pH is between 5.5 and 7.5.
Suitable Growing Areas;
Mangoes do well in the Lowland to Upper Midland zones. The most suitable areas for the cultivation of mangoes are the Coastal areas, Lake Victoria region, Murang’a, Thika, Kajiado, Meru, Isiolo, Taveta, Lower Embu, Machakos, Kitui, Mbeere, Meru, Makueni, and Kerio Valley. If irrigation is available during plant establishment, mangoes can be grown in drier areas.