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Orchard management

Intercropping

  • Intercrop with low growing crops like legumes, vegetables , maize, cassava, etc

Weeding

  • Ensure the orchard is weed free
  • In mature trees, weed just a 2M strip along the rows and cut grass in the rest of the field

Fertilizer Application

The following fertilizer regime should be followed:-

Year

Manure & Fertilizer type (Quantity/ Tree)

Manure rates (10 kg debe)

DAP (g)

CAN (g)

NPK(g)

Long rains

Short rains

Long rains

Short rains

Long rains

Short rains

1

2

1

150

50

50

0

0

2

2

2

150

100

100

0

0

3

2

2

200

100

100

150

150

4

3

2

200

200

200

200

200

5

3

2

200

200

200

200

200

Above 6 years

3

2

200

200

200

200

200

Note:

For any mineral deficiencies apply foliar feeds for supplementation

Pruning

  • Remove all dead branches and twigs and all branches that have been attacked by pests and diseases.
  • Remove intertwining branches that prevent light penetration and air circulation.
  • Remove all branches that fall below 1 meter from the ground level
  • Pruning is best done immediately after harvesting the last fruits and before flowering to give an allowance for wounds to heal.
  • Cap the tree at 1m height in 1st year to produce a spreading framework of branches; In the following year, select 4-5 well spaced branches and let grow. Prune off the rest

Flower inducement

This is done to induce off-season crop.It is done in two ways: -

  • Spray with Potassium Nitrate 30-40gm per tree when the crop is dormant.
  • Culturally – deprive the plant water for 1-2 months to induce stress and then irrigate the plant regularly.

Deflowering

  • In the first year remove all the flowers. This is because the stem is weak and cannot support the fruits.
  • Allowing fruits in the first year leads to lower yields in subsequent years
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