MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE (MoA)
- The Ministry of Agriculture coordinates the implementation of agricultural, cooperative and rural development policies. The specific functions which will be pursued by the Ministry include: rural development policy; agricultural policy; crop production and marketing; land use policy; pests and disease control; agricultural research;phytosanitary services; information management for agricultural sector; cooperatives; regional development authorities;among others.
FRESH PRODUCE EXPORTERS ASSOCIATION OF KENYA (FPEAK)
- FPEAK was established in 1975 as an association for horticultural produce exporters. Its functions include: representation and liaison with relevant public and private sector, local and international organizations, and trade associations; promoting exports through overseas exhibitions, trade missions and buyers missions to Kenya; providing market information on export products and their missions to Kenya; providing market information on export products and their destinations; training members and their out-growers on production, post harvest handling, packaging and export marketing techniques; and ensuring high quality, environmentally sound and safe products through adherence to an established Code of Practice.
KENYA AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (KARI)
- A parastatal established under the Science and Technology Act (Cap 250) with the national mandate to carry out research activities covering agricultural and livestock development through its 17 research centers countrywide. Besides the National Horticultural Research Centre at Thika, a number of other regional research centers also handle horticultural crops.
- In order to ensure sustainable development in the horticulture industry, horticultural research will be strengthened within KARI. The institute will collaborate with other research organizations such as International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE), International Potato Centre (IPC), the Universities, etc, which are involved in research activities related to horticulture.
EXPORT PROMOTION COUNCIL (EPC)
- It is responsible for the country’s export development and all export promotional activities. Its major mandate is to identify and remove constraints facing exporters and producers of export goods and services, formulate market strategy and identify export opportunities, and promote public awareness to the need of export development. To spearhead horticultural promotion activities, a special Horticultural Committee is in place where all stakeholders are represented.
KENYA PLANT HEALTH INSPECTORATE SERVICE (KEPHIS)
- KEPHIS was established by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service Order, 1996 under the State Corporations Act (Cap 446). It is mandated to : co-ordinate all matters related to pests and disease control; monitor the quality and levels of toxic residue in plants, their soils and products; administer Plant Breeders Rights; undertake inspection, testing, certification, quarantine control, variety testing and description of seeds and planting materials; establish the machinery for educating public on safe use of agro-chemicals; approve import application for seeds, plants and appropriate phytosanitary requirements and importation of such material; and be responsible for inspection of produce for export and import.
PEST CONTROL PRODUCTS BOARD (PCPB)
- A parastatal established under the Pest Control Products Act (Cap 346). Its functions are to regulate the importation, exportation, manufacture, distribution and use of products used for the control of pests and of the organic functions of plants and animals and for connected purposes. Some of these activities are being performed by KEPHIS. This calls for harmonization of these activities in order to avoid any conflicts.
KENYA BUREAU OF STANDARDS (KEBS)
- It is a parastatal established under the Standards Act ( Cap 496). Its primary function is to promote standardization in commerce and industry through development of standards, quality control, certification and metrology. It has the mandate of establishing and enforcing quality standards of all products on the Kenyan Market, both locally produced and imported. It is evident that the roles of KEPHIS and that of KEBS overlap thereby creating a conflict. Given that KEPHIS specializes in plants, the Standards Act should be amended to exclude seeds, planting materials, horticultural and other agricultural produce.
KENYA INDUSTRY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE (KIRDI)
- It is a parastatal established under the Science and Technology Act (Cap 250). It is mandated to undertake research and development in industrial and allied technologies.
- KIRDI collaborates with Ministry of Agricultural and Rural Development and other stakeholders in technology development and transfer processing of horticultural produce.
UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES OF AGRICULTURE
- Among the universities and colleges, Nairobi, Jomo Kenyatta, Moi, Egerton, Baraton and Bukura provide courses at degree and diploma levels related to agriculture, horticulture and environment and are also involved in research.
MINISTRY OF HEALTH (MOH)
- Liaises with stakeholders in horticultural industry to ensure hygiene in market and public places. It also protects Kenyan consumers from the health risks of contaminated food. The Ministry ensures regular inspection of food premises to ensure they conform to health requirements. Also, inspection of food imports at ports of entry is made in order to detect foreign diseases. It participates in promotion of food hygiene curricula in schools.
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES (MENR)
- The Ministry is responsible for environmental policy, environmental impact assessment, catchment area conservation, water conservation, among others.
- The Ministry also supplies clean water for industry and domestic use. Liaise with Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and others to initiate programmes to encourage multipurpose use and reuse of water for irrigation purposes.
MINISTRY OF ROADS AND PUBLIC WORKS ( MoR&PW)
- The Ministry is responsible for construction, maintenance and rehabilitation of classified roads. The road network accounts for 80% of the country’s total passenger and freight traffic.
MINISTRY OF INFORMATION, TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION (MoIT&C)
- The Ministry is responsible for postal and telecommunication services as well as transport by railways, road, sea, lake and air in Kenya. It is also in charge of harbors, ports, and metrological services, among others.
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITIES
* Ewaso Ngiro North Rivers Development Authority
* Ewaso Ngiro South Rivers Development Authority
* Lake Basin Development Authority
* Kerio Valley Development Authority
* Tana and Athi Rivers Development Authority;
* Coast Development Authority.
These are parastatals, each established under an Act of Parliament to promote development in their areas. They also encourage development of horticulture in their areas. They also encourage development of horticulture in their areas.
NATIONAL IRRIGATION BOARD (NIB)
- This is a parastatal established under the Irrigation Act (Cap 347). It is involved in the production of irrigated crops, including horticultural crops e.g. at Perkerra irrigation scheme, it produces fruits, vegetables and flowers. It is also charged with the provision of major irrigation infrastructure for irrigation development.
LOCAL AUTHORITIES (CITY, MUNICIPAL, TOWN, URBAN AND COUNTY COUNCILS)
- They develop market and market infrastructure for agricultural produce among others. They are also responsible for collection and disposal of garbage, provision of sanitary facilities and land allocation for marketing facilities.
- GTZ - GERMAN AGENCY FOR TECHNICAL COOPERATION
- JICA - JAPAN INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
- JETRO - JAPAN EXTERNAL AGENCY TRADE ORGANISATION
- NRI - NATURAL RESOURCES INSTITUTE
- ITC - INTERNATIONAL TRADE CENTRE
- COLEACP - EUROPEAN AFRICA CARIBBEAN PACIFIC LIAISON COMMITTEE FOR THE PROMOTION OF HORTICULTURAL EXPORTS
- JIBC - JAPAN BANK FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
- ICIPE - INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR INSECT PHYSIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY
- Fruit processors - Milly fruit processors, Kevian
- EXPORTERS – Tender Crop Farms Kenya Ltd
- GK Prisons
- HCDA Registered nurseries
KEY POLICY ISSUES
- Key areas of policy concerns are:-
- Increasing agricultural productivity and incomes especially for smallholder farmers
- Emphasis on irrigation to reduce over-reliance on rainfed agriculture in the face of limited high potential agricultural land
- Encouraging diversification into non- traditional agricultural commodities and value addition to reduce vulnerability
- Enhancing the food security and reduction in the no. of those suffering from hunger and hence the achievement of the MDGs
- Encouraging private-sector led development of the sector
- Ensuring environmental sustainability
- HCDA Horticultural news journal Sept/Oct 2002
- Healthy foods – George D. Pamplona , 2004
- Agriculture policy in Kenya
- Quality Mango Production for coastal Kenya, - KARI Mtwapa by F.K. Muniu and W.S. Mwinga
- Fruit technical nurseries handbook – MOA 1990
- Technical Note No. 1 – MOA/JICA/HCDA 2004
- Field crops technical handbook – MOA -2002
- The status of organic agriculture production and trade in Kenya. Report of the initial background study of the National Integration Assessment of organic agriculture sector in Kenya, By Cecilia Kimemia and Eric Ojore
- Frontline Extension Workers Manual
- A Guide to propagation and Cultivation of fruit trees in Kenya – Jurgen Griesbarch 1992