Routine Management

  • Honeybee colonies should be inspected at least once a month.  The purpose of inspecting is to know your bees very well, know the colonies that are of good temperament, honey producers, hardworking and less tendency to swarming in order to keep multiplying/increasing the number of colonies in the apiaries.
  • Keep the apiary clean by slashing all the weeds in the apiary.  This puts away pests, which might attack the bees such as ants or beetles.
  • Grease the wires very often to avoid other insects from crawling into the hives.  During inspection, check the inside of the hives for any insects or pests, which might disturb the bees, e.g. rats.
  • Check for any abnormal behavior of bees at the entrance.  Behavior can tell you what might be inside of the hive – clusters along the entrance might indicate too much heat or hive is full of combs or bees want to swarm.
  • Check if the hive is stable, standing well or if any nail is coming out and replace it.  Sometimes complete repair of the hive might be necessary.
  • Plant more bee plants in and around the apiary to ensure that the bees are provided with enough forage.
  • Provision of a bee house helps to;  Enhance security of the hives, Provide shade especially in hot areas and Control pests and predators. 

The bee house can be constructed by use of locally available materials such as

  • Grass thatching for roofing.
  • Rafters and mud for walls.
  • Any available timber for hive stands.


  • Holes are drilled on the wall.  
  • Hives are placed on stands with their entrances corresponding with holes (about 1m from ground level) on the walls.  
  • Pipes of about 2 inches wide and 6 inches long connect the hive to the outside through the wall and works as bee entrances.