Bee Venom

Bee venom is the poison ejected from the poison sac of the bee sting when a bee stings.  It is synthesised by the venom glands of worker and queen bees. 

Physical Properties: 

  • It is a clear liquid with a sharp bitter taste and aromatic odour.  

Chemical Composition:

  • Bee venom contains about 40% dry substance and hardens fast when in contact with the air. 
  • It contains water, peptides (mellitin – 50%, hyper and MCD (Mast cell degranulating peptides) apamine, histamine, dopamine and minimine.
  • Enzymes: Phospholipases A and Hyaluronidase
  • Phospholipases A splits lecithin – a phospholipids which is widely spread in the body, turning it into lysolecithin which degenerates cell membranes.
  • Hyaluronidase splits the hyaluronic acid – a constituent element of the fundamental substance of the conjunctive tissue, thereby favouring the spread of the active factors of the bee venom throughout the body.
  • Its specific gravity is 1.313 and pH = 4.5.
  • Bee venom is destroyed by digesting and oxidising enzymes, and is readily soluble in water and acids but is insoluble in alcohol.