Pollen is the male germ plasma of plants.  It is the main source of proteins, fats and minerals in the honeybee diet.

Physical Properties: 

The colour ranges from yellow, red to orange. It appears as fine grains/granules.

Chemical Composition:

  • Pollen comprises of 20-25% protein, 
  • 27% carbohydrates mostly simple sugars (fructose and glucose), 
  • Vitamins, free amino acids, lipids, enzymes and co-enzymes, pigments: xanthophylls and carotene, water and minerals (potassium, calcium, iron etc).