Pollen is the male germ plasma of plants. It is the main source of proteins, fats and minerals in the honeybee diet.
The colour ranges from yellow, red to orange. It appears as fine grains/granules.
- Pollen comprises of 20-25% protein,
- 27% carbohydrates mostly simple sugars (fructose and glucose),
- Vitamins, free amino acids, lipids, enzymes and co-enzymes, pigments: xanthophylls and carotene, water and minerals (potassium, calcium, iron etc).