Common cattle breeds

Friesian

  • Body colour is black and white
  • Body size is large
  • Milk production is high
  • Feed requirements is very high
  • Meat production is high
  • The cow’s milk has low butter/fat content
  • Average Live-Weight is 600kg
  • She is very sensitive to management
  • Friesians are important for both dairy and beef production (i.e. they are dual purpose)

Aryshire

  • Body colour is Dark brown with white patches
  • Milk production is high
  • Feed requirements is high
  • Meat production is fair
  • Her milk has relatively low butter fat content
  • Average Live Weight is 450kg
  • Her major importance is dairy

Guernsey

  • Body colour is brown
  • Body size is medium
  • Milk production is moderate
  • Average Live Weight is 400kg
  • The cow’s major importance is dairy

Jersey

  • Body colour is Grey
  • Body size is medium to small
  • Milk production is moderate
  • The cow is not a meat breed
  • Feed requirements is relatively low
  • Milk has high butter fat
  • Average Live-Weight is 350kg
  • The cow’s importance is dairy

Sahiwal

  • Body colour is light brown
  • They are heavily built in body
  • Milk production is relatively low
  • Some are difficult to milk
  • Average Live-Weight is 500kg
  • Sahiwals are good breeds for marginal areas
  • The breed is important for both dairy and beef (Dual purpose)

East African Zebu

  • Body colour is variable
  • The breed has a prominent hump
  • Milk production is low
  • It is a very hardy animal
  • It is late maturing
  • East African Zebu are disease tolerant
  • Average Live Weight is 350kg
  • The breed is important for both dairy and beef (Dual purpose)

Simmental

  • Body colour is Brown with white on the head and legs
  • Milk production is high
  • Meat production is high
  • Forage requirements is high
  • The Breed requires high standards of management
  • Average Live Weight is 750kg
  • They are important for both dairy and beef (Dual purpose)

Charolis

  • Body colour is White
  • Beef production is good
  • Forage requirement is high
  • Average Live Weight is 800kg
  • They are important for beef production

Hereford

  • Body colour is black or brown with white head
  • Beef production good
  • Forage requirement high
  • Average Live Weight is 550kg
  • The breed is important for beef production

Boran

  • Body colour is brown or light gray
  • The breed has a prominent hump
  • Beef production is good
  • They are good for harsh conditions
  • Average Live Weight is 500kg
  • The breed is important for beef production