- These are mainly green forages such as Napier grass, Lucerne and sweet potato vines among others.
b. Feeding Method
- All forages should be chopped and fed in feeding troughs to avoid feed wastage.
Straw and Farm Products
- These include materials such as wheat straw. Rice straw maize Stover and other vegetable byproducts
b. Feeding Method
- They are best fed by first soaking in water or molasses incase of straw and also poor quality hay.
c. Required Quantities
- A dairy cow should be given 40-70kg of chopped forage per day, preferably in two splits i.e. one in the morning and the other in the evening.
- Dairy cattle ration should contain 70% energy source, 30% protein source and required minerals (such as: 35% wheat bran + 35% maize + 30% cotton seed cake + 1% minerals).
- A dairy cow should be given two kilograms of concentrates for each gallon of milk produced above the first 2 gallons. It is assumed that a cow can produce up to two gallons of milk per day from good forage without giving concentrates so long as the required minerals are present or available.
- Dairy cubes, dairy meals, maize germ, bran (wheat, rice or maize), cotton seed cake sunflower cake, Soya bean cake etc.
b. Time of feeding
- For lactating cows concentrates are given always when milking
- For steaming up cows and heifers concentrates are given daily for 2 months before calving
- Concentrates to have 15-18% crude protein
- 2 kg /day /cow during steaming up and up to 4kg /cow /day for in calf heifers during steaming up.
- 2 kg /day /cow for each extra 1 gallon of milk above the first 2 gallons.
Note: Steaming up
- This is extra feed of high quality concentrates (preferably compounded), which is given to in-calf cows and heifers at 2-4 kg per cow per day for two months before calving. However, it can be more or less depending on the condition of the animal. Growing heifers will need more.
- For milking cows maclic super can be used
- For heifers and dry cows maclic plus can be used
- Each animal should consume 80 to 100gm per day of maclic, super or plus
- Granular mineral products should be mixed with feeds in a feeding trough while free lick should be allowed if it is in the form of a solid block.
Note: Calves should get maclic plus block in adlib.