Management practices

These are a series of activities like spraying, de-worming, de-budding, castration, hoof trimming, proper milking practices and general hygiene.

Management of parasitic infestation

Most animals carry parasites burdens, but the pressure of parasites is not serious until the population rises to the extent that the host animals start showing signs e.g. weight loss, diarrhoea, unthriftness, bottle jaw, coughs, loss of hair, scratching against the wall.

The parasites are divided into ecto and endo –parasites.

Ecto-parasites  (external)

  • These are mainly the ticks, biting flies, fleas, mites.
  • This can be controlled by spraying with appropriate acaricide or using a pour-on acaricide.

Endo-parasites (internal)

  • These are mainly worms e.g. round worms, tapeworms, lung worms, flukes.


  • Regular deworming of goats and kids after every 3 months. Repeat deworming to any animal showing worm infestation.

Hoof trimming

  • This is a management practice to control abnormal growth of hooves that may lead to lameness in goats.
  • The overgrown hooves can be trimmed using hoof knife and dipping the hooves in copper sulphate solution.
  • The stock should have their feet regularly checked for damage due to overgrown hooves.


  • Castrate the young males not intended for breeding at six months
    This can be done by using the rubber-ring elastrator


  • This done at 3 months of age using hot bars (de-budding irons)
    Its done to both male and female kids