Management Systems:

1. Semi Intensive:

Under this system birds are provided part shelter where supplements are provided and a run where they can scavenge. It is important to provide enough shade within the run in the form of shrubs and tree. Perches in the guinea house should also be provided.

Spacing provided within the run for the birds should be 4 – 6 metre square per bird and 15 cm – 21 cm per bird on the perches. Under this system the performance and productivity of these birds is reasonably good with market age being reached at 4 to 6 months. This management system has an advantage as the birds are able to supplement their protein requirement without this being a big cost to the farmer.

2. Intensive:

Under this system the birds are housed under one roof and provided with balanced diet and water. The provision of adequate space and housing design are essential. The birds are less susceptible to draft, cold chilling winds but are less tolerable to high humidity. Spacing for birds under this system is:

Table 1:  Floor spacing rate:

Class Spacing rate/ square metre
Day old keets 20 keets
10 weeks old 8 birds
Adults 4 birds

Guinea fowls love to perch and therefore perches must be provided at a spacing of 15- 21 cm per bird on deep litter. Perches are normally 1.5 to 2 metres high.  The design of the housing for guinea fowls should be such that there is more space and lighting.