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Poultry Housing

Types

Poultry housing are classified after the management system used.
The most common types of poultry housing are:
•    Deep litter
•    Half litter and half slats
•    Battery
•    Semi-fold

House Establishment
a. Sitting.

•    House should not face windward side.
•    The unit should be near the homestead.
•    Poorly drained sites should be avoided.

b. Building Materials

Farmers should aim at using cheap and durable materials. Some examples are: - papyrus thatch, off-cuts, stones, oil drums, or earth walls.

c. Floor.

Poultry house floor can be cemented if the farmer can afford, but normal earth floor is good enough.

d. Litter

Litter should be provided in the poultry unit floor.  Where day old chicks are being brooded, wood shavings are used and not sawdust. Chicks can eat sawdust.  For growers and layers, saw dust, shavings, straw, husks such as: rice husks, can be used.

e. Ventilation

Poultry unit should have free flow of fresh air. If the unit is constructed well, there will be a chimney flow of air from the back to the front.  The building should have 0.6m wire-mesh opening at the back, and 1.0m opening in front of the building. However, in hot areas front ventilation should be made as big as 2 metres from the top. But, if the place is very cold at night, it is advisable to cover the ventilation with second-hand gunny bags.

f. Lighting

There should be adequate light in the poultry unit. The light should be enough for a person to read a newspaper at the centre of the building.  In a crowded house, some transparent roofing sheets should be fitted to improve lighting.

House Stocking Density.
a)    Layers.

•    For deep litter, 4 to 6 birds per square metre should be allowed.
•    For half deep litter and half slatted floor, 6 to 7 birds per square metre should be allowed.

b)    Chick and Growers

•    Allow 25 chicks per square metre.
•    Allow 4 to 5 birds per square metre for growers

c)    Broilers.

•    Allow 25 chicks/m² between 4 to 7 weeks of age.

Note: Brooding, plus keeping of growers and layers in the same building is convenient for small holders.  For larger producers, a separate brooder have to be constructed.

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