Guinea fowls have a wide range of tolerance to diseases most common to poultry. How ever keets are more susceptible; vaccination is therefore recommended for deadly poultry diseases e.g. Newcastle, fowl pox, and fowl typhoid. The following diseases have been noted in guinea fowl flocks.
1. Viral Diseases:
Viral diseases such as newcastle and fowl pox needs to be vaccinated along chicken where mixed species are reared together or in all singular guinea fowl flocks. Corrhiza is particularly common among guinea fowl flocks where housing spacing is inadequate and there is high humidity.
2. Bacterial Diseases:
Among the bacterial diseases, salmonellosis is important. However this being a diseases associated with poor sanitation, can always be managed through hygienic practices in guinea fowl units.
Coccidian is among the most common protozoal diseases in poultry units and guinea fowl units are no exception. Control of coccidia is separation of classes especially rearing the keets exclusively away from adults. However this organism is every where in the soil, in fields and areas where other poultry are reared. Grower guinea fowl infection can be kept at subclinical level through proper feeding, promotion of sanitary environment and use of coccidiostats.
4. Parasitic Diseases:
Parasitic diseases like coccidia are a big problem where hygiene conditions are compromised. They are a much bigger problem in semi intensive systems where space requirements are not respected. Birds on range need deworming as a mater of routine against wire worms and pathogenic tape worms.