Feeding:

Guinea fowls across all the classes may tolerate rations with more fibre. Therefore formulation made basically for guinea fowl production allows wider use of feed ingredients that might not be suitable for other poultry especially turkey. Under strict commercial conditions these birds mature later therefore on comparable feeds to other poultry, their products tend to be more expensive.

Under semi intensive production system where half of the feed is picked from the range the final products cost is much lower and therefore more competitive. Where egg production is the objective, selection of lines that lay consistently is advised. So birds need high protein supplements in the form of trapped termites, fish meal or soya meals. It is notable that the eggs are smaller at 40-45 grams with thicker shells and never prone to cracking making them suitable for transportation on rough rural roads. Below are some of the classes and common feed types recommended:

Table 2: Feed types recommended

Age of bird Type feed
Day old – 8 weeks Chick mash
8 weeks – 4 months Growers
Between 4 -5 months Layers mash

Feed troughs meant for feeding chicken are also suitable for guinea fowls as their sizes are relatively similar. Guinea fowls reared in flocks are not known for vices such as feather pecking, egg eating and cannibalism.

A guinea fowl will eat about 43 kilograms of feed in its life time, 12 kilogram during growing period and about 31 during laying period (Moreki, J. C.).

Table 3: Feed intake for guinea fowl from (0-16 weeks)

Age in weeks Feed intake in grams
0-4 10-30
5-8 35-45
9-11 50-55
12-15 55-60
16 65

Source: Saina H (2005)