Guinea fowls are indigenous in Africa where they have been kept for several years especially in central and west Africa. Small backyard flocks are also found in east Africa especially Tanzania. In Kenya small flocks have been found in homes alongside domestic chicken. Guinea fowls however can be useful domestic birds that can provide food and extra income for households contributing to poverty alleviation and nutritional food security. Guinea fowls give a competitive advantage to free ranging poultry amongst livestock enterprises. This makes the guinea fowl a possible alternative food source and livelihood to rural households.