Kenya Mushrooms Farmers:
In Kenya, enterprising farmers are exploring ways to expand their businesses and maximize their profits. Watch this video!
Mushroom production is currently valued at KSh 340 million. Large scale producers account for over 95% all over Kenya most of which is button. Shitake, though not common in Kenya, is globally rated second after button. Oyster mushroom production is readily picking up because it is easy to grow, has higher yields and has more nutritional value than button. Due to its lower cost of production and high yielding capacity it presents a good opportunity for small to middle scale farmers.
Mushroom industry in Kenya has a well established private sector investment with large scale commercial farms like Agridutt Ltd, Rift valley mushrooms, online mushrooms, Devani and Kanchan mushrooms. Key exporting companies do not have out growers.
Kenya produces 500 tons per annum (of which 476 tons being button) against an annual demand of 1200 tons both in hotels and home consumption.Mushroom breeds by utilizing nutrients from the substrate through colonizing the substrate and forms pinheads which then develop into fruit bodies (mushroom).Mushroom breeding requires right type of spawn (mushroom seeds) i.e. correct age and vibrant growing, substrate and right environment for maximum productivity.
The seeds (spawns) are available in four types of carrier materials namely:
Grain spawn, Sawdust spawn, Plug spawn and Liquid spawn.
Production varies depending on various factors e.g. economic capacity and climatic conditions. Some of the production methods include:-Trays, logs, Bags, bottles, Shelf-frame (shelve with bags), Wall mat and saw dust blocks.
Bag (neck and tie method) cultivation is commonly used.